Ranking mundial de universidades 2009 según su desempeño en la Red

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Se ha dado a conocer el Ranking WEB de universidades en el mundo (6 mil universidades). Más abajo se muestran los resultados para las 100 universidades top de Amèrica Latina.
Metodología
The unit for analysis is the institutional domain, so only universities and research centres with an independent web domain are considered. If an institution has more than one main domain, two or more entries are used with the different addresses.
The first Web indicator, Web Impact Factor (WIF), was based on link analysis that combines the number of external inlinks and the number of pages of the website, a ratio of 1:1 between visibility and size. This ratio is used for the ranking, adding two new indicators to the size component: Number of documents, measured from the number of rich files in a web domain, and number of publications being collected by Google Scholar database.
Four indicators were obtained from the quantitative results provided by the main search engines as follows:
Size (S). Number of pages recovered from four engines: Google, Yahoo, Live Search and Exalead.
Visibility (V). The total number of unique external links received (inlinks) by a site can be only confidently obtained from Yahoo Search.
Rich Files (R). After evaluation of their relevance to academic and publication activities and considering the volume of the different file formats, the following were selected: Adobe Acrobat (.pdf), Adobe PostScript (.ps), Microsoft Word (.doc) and Microsoft Powerpoint (.ppt). These data were extracted using Google, Yahoo Search, Live Search and Exalead.
Scholar (Sc). Google Scholar provides the number of papers and citations for each academic domain. These results from the Scholar database represent papers, reports and other academic items.
The four ranks were combined according to a formula where each one has a different weight but maintaining the ratio 1:1:
The inclusion of the total number of pages is based on the recognition of a new global market for academic information, so the web is the adequate platform for the internationalization of the institutions. A strong and detailed web presence providing exact descriptions of the structure and activities of the university can attract new students and scholars worldwide.
The number of external inlinks received by a domain is a measure that represents visibility and impact of the published material, and although there is a great diversity of motivations for linking, a significant fraction works in a similar way as bibliographic citation.
The success of self-archiving and other repositories related initiatives can be roughly represented from rich file and Scholar data. The huge numbers involved with the pdf and doc formats means that not only administrative reports and bureaucratic forms are involved. PostScript and Powerpoint files are clearly related to academic activities.
Resultados 2009
The 2009 edition of the Ranking Web of World Universities (http://www.webometrics.info) shows important news. Most of them are due to changes done to improve the academic impact of the open web contents and to reduce the geographical bias of search engines. As a result, the US universities still lead the Ranking (MIT with its huge Open Courseware is again the first, followed by Harvard, Stanford and Berkeley), but the digital gap with their European counterparts (Cambridge and Oxford are in the region’s top) has been reduced. Even more important, some of the developing countries institutions reach high ranks, especially in Latin America where the University of Sao Paulo (38th) and UNAM (44th) benefits from the increasingly interconnected Brazilian and Mexican academic webspaces.
Several countries improves their performance including Taiwan and Saudi Arabia with strong web oriented strategies, Czech Republic (Charles), the leader for Eastern Europe, Spain (Complutense) and Portugal (Minho, Porto) with huge repositories and strong Open Access initiatives. Norway (NTNU, Oslo), Egypt could be also mentioned.
On the other side, the underrated countries are headed by France, with a very fragmented system, Korea, whose student-oriented websites are frequently duplicated, New Zealand, India or Argentina.
Africa is still monopolized by South African universities (Cape Town is the first, 405th), as well as Australian Universities are the best ranked for Oceania (Australian National University, 77th)
Other well performing institutions include Cornell or Caltech in the USA, Tokyo (24th) Toronto (28th), Hong Kong (91st), or Peking (104th). On the contrary, in positions below expected we find Yale, Princeton, Saint Petersburg, Seoul and the Indian Institutes of Science or Technology.
Check out also:
Ranking Web of Research Centers http://research.webometrics.info/
Ranking Web of Repositories http://repositories.webometrics.info/
Ranking Web of Hospitals http://hospitals.webometrics.info/
Ranking Web of Business Schools http://business-schools.webometrics.info/


Número de rankin latinoamericano – Institución – Número de ranking mundial
1 Universidade de São Paulo 38
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2 Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México ** 44
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3 Universidade Estadual de Campinas 115
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4 Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Brasil 134
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5 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul 152
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6 Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro 196
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7 Universidade de Brasília 204
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8 Universidad de Chile 227
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9 Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais 241
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10 Universidade Estadual Paulista 269
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11 Universidad de Buenos Aires 291
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12 Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México 348
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13 Universidade Federal do Paraná 352
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14 Pontificia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro 354
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15 Universidad de Guadalajara 385
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16 Universidad de Costa Rica 386
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17 Tecnológico de Monterrey * 391
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18 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte 419
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19 Universidade Federal da Bahia 422
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20 Universidad de los Andes 459
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21 Universidad de Concepción 497
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22 Universidade Federal do Ceara 503
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23 Universidade Federal Fluminense 517
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24 Universidade Federal de Pernambuco 522
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25 Universidad de la República ** 530
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26 Universidad Nacional de Colombia 541
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27 Universidad de los Andes Mérida 564
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28 Pontificia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul 566
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29 Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile * 633
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30 Universidad Nacional de la Plata 659
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31 Instituto Politécnico Nacional 716
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32 Universidad Simón Bolívar Venezuela 729
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33 Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro 733
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34 Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana 744
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35 Universidade Federal de São Paulo 759
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36 Universidad de Antioquia 761
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37 Universidad Nacional de Cordoba 762
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38 Universidade do Vale do Rio Dos Sinos 768
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39 Fundação Getulio Vargas 773
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40 Universidade Estadual de Maringá 777
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41 Universidad de Puerto Rico Mayaguez 779
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42 Universidade Federal de Lavras 807
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43 Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú 827
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44 Universidade Federal de Viçosa 856
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45 Universidade Federal de Uberlândia 862
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46 Universidade Federal de Goiás 870
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47 Universidade Federal de São Carlos 900
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48 Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos 906
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49 Universidade Federal de Santa Maria 909
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50 Universidad Austral de Chile 932
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51 Centro Universitário Senac Servico Nacional de Aprendizagem Comercial 949
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52 University of the West Indies 951
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53 Pontificia Universidad Javeriana 975
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54 Pontificia Universidade Católica de São Paulo 981
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55 Universidade Estadual de Londrina 984
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56 Universidade Federal da Paraíba 990
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57 Universidad del Valle 994
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58 Universidade Federal do Pará 998
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59 Universidade Regional de Blumenau 1,006
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60 Universidade de Santa Cruz do Sul 1,007
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61 Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso * 1,027
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62 Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral 1,059
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63 Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León 1,065
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64 Universidad Tecnológica Nacional 1,069
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65 Universidad Nacional del Nordeste 1,095
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66 Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo 1,098
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67 Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María 1,146
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68 Universidade de Passo Fundo * 1,178
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69 Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina 1,181
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70 Universidad Veracruzana 1,183
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71 Universidade Federal de Campina Grande 1,198
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72 Universidad de Puerto Rico 1,224
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73 Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora 1,227
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74 Pontificia Universidade Católica do Minas Gerais 1,231
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75 Universidade de Taubate 1,234
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76 Universidad de Sonora 1,252
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77 Universidad Autónoma de Baja California 1,257
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78 Universidad Nacional de Rosario 1,262
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79 Universidad Nacional de Colombia Medellín 1,277
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80 Escuela de Administración Finanzas y Tecnología Medellín 1,294
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81 Universidad Nacional Costa Rica 1,316
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82 Colegio de México 1,317
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83 Universidad Católica Argentina 1,343
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84 Universidad de Santiago de Chile 1,350
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85 Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala 1,351
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86 Universidad de Talca 1,385
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87 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande 1,391
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88 Universidad Iberoamericana 1,396
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89 Universidad Autónoma de Puebla 1,399
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90 Universidad Nacional de Cuyo Mendoza 1,414
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91 Pontificia Universidade Católica do Paraná 1,415
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92 Universidad Central de Venezuela 1,416
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93 Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo 1,425
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94 Universidad de Colima 1,437
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95 Universidad Nacional del Sur 1,444
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96 Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas * 1,447
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97 Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie 1,454
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98 Senac São Paulo 1,462
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99 Pontificia Universidade Católica do Campinas * 1,470
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100 Universidad de las Américas Puebla 1,478
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Universities 1 to 100 of 100

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